Andhra Pradesh is
the third largest state in India with an area of 275,000 sq. km.
A state in the southern region of India, Andhra Pradesh is
bordered on the south by TamilNadu state, on the west by
Karnataka state, on the north and northwest by Maharashtra
state, on the northeast by Madhya Pradesh and Orissa states, and
on the east by the Bay of Bengal. The northern area of Andhra
Pradesh is mountainous. The highest peak Mahendragiri rises 1500
m above the sea level. The climate is generally hot and humid.
There are many holy temples which attract a large number of
pilgrims and tourists. The main languages that are spoken in
Andhra are Telugu, English, Urdu, Hindi.
Hyderabad, the capital of Andhra Pradesh was founded in the late
6th century by Qutab Shahi dynasty line of Kings known for their
beautiful monuments and mosques, Medieval Indian, Saracenic,
Mughal and Colonial architecture which, create an architectural
richness rarely found in other parts of the country.
Lapped by the Bay of Bengal, on the eastern part of Andhra
Pradesh lies the beach city, Visakhapatnam. Ages ago there stood
a temple on the shores dedicated to Vaisaka, the God of Valour
in the Hindu pantheon. The mighty sea has since swept away the
shrine, but the name survived for identifying the now sprawling
City of Visakhapatnam.
Vijayawada or the "City of Victory" as it literally translates
is called so as it was here or so it is believed that Arjuna,
the Pandava Prince was rewarded for his penance, which he did on
Indrakiladri Hill. A predominantly business city of the Coastal
Anthra, Vijayawada on the banks of the holy river Krishna
attracts many piligrims as well for its temple dedicated to
Durga. The city is also a base for visiting the Buddhist
excavations at Amaravati, which is less than 70 kms, away. Also
accessible from Vijayawada are the towns of Kuchipudi,
Mangalagiri and Kondapalli which are famous for dance, temple
and handicrafts respectively. So altogether Vijayawada presents
a colourful and varied picture and can be termed as a business
cum pilgrim cum tourist center.
Warangal was the ancient capital of the Kakatiya rulers. It was
here that the fort was constructed by king Ganapathi in 1199 A.D
and completed by Rudramadevi in the year 1261. The thousand
pillard temple with its star shaped shrines dedicated to Shiva,
Vishnu and Surya, the famous Ramappa temple & lake, the Pakhal
lake are worth visiting. It is known for Thousand Pillar Temple.
A fine specimen of Kakatiya architecture and sculpture, the
Thousand Pillar temple as the name implies has many pillars, all
efficient carved. The temple is built in Chalukyan Style.
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